Its gel and latex are used in herbal medicine and naturopathy; in dermatology and cosmetology, only the gel is used.
Anthracene derivatives of sap: aloin, aloe emodin, aloinosides and hydroxy-aloines.
Mono and polysaccharides: cellulose, mannose, glucose, aldopentose and L-rhamnose.
Amino acids: aspartic, isoleucine, hydroxiproline, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, theonine, valine, leucine (essential amino acids) and proline, serine, tyrosine, glutamic acid, alanine, arginine, cystine, glycine, histidine (secondary amino acids). Vitamins: A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, B12 and PP.
Mineral elements: calcium, copper, chromium, chlorine, lithium, iron, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc. Enzymes: catalase, amylase, lipase, cellulase, oxidase and phosphatases.
Other elements: aloenine, aloesin, cinnamic acid, resistanol, lignin, chrysophanic acid, saponins, volatile oils and choline.